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Human adenosine A2a receptor (A2aAR) gene: systematic mutation screening in patients with schizophrenia

Abstract

Several lines of evidence suggest an involvement of adenosine A2a receptor (A2aAR) mediated adenosinergic neuromodulation in the etiopathogenesis of schizophrenia. We therefore performed a systematic mutation scan of the complete coding region of the human A2aAR gene in a sample of 42 schizophrenic patients. We detected one rare naturally occurring receptor variant (Gly-340-Ser) and two silent mutations (405C/T and 1083C/T). To our knowledge the Gly-340-Ser substitution is the first naturally occurring molecular variant of the A2aAR identified. Determining the frequency of the three variants in 42 unrelated healthy controls, we observed a significant trend towards an overrepresentation of the 1083T variant in patients when compared to controls (p = 0.041). This trend was followed up in a large independent replication sample. However, we were not able to confirm the original trend in the second sample (p = 0.367). The Ser-340 variant was found in a single schizophrenic individual. Investigation of the patient's family revealed independent segregation between the Ser-340 variant and psychiatric illness. Our data suggest that genetically determined structural variation of the A2aAR does not play a major role in the development of schizophrenia.

Type Journal
ISBN 0300-9564 (Print)
Authors Deckert, J.;Nothen, M. M.;Rietschel, M.;Wildenauer, D.;Bondy, B.;Ertl, M. A.;Knapp, M.;Schofield, P. R.;Albus, M.;Maier, W.;Propping, P. :
Publisher Name J NEURAL TRANSM
Published Date 1996-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 103
Published Issue 12
Published Pages 1447-55
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9029412
Status Published In-print