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Individualized therapy to prevent bone mineral density loss after kidney and kidney-pancreas transplantation

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most patients who undergo kidney or kidney-pancreas transplantation have renal osteodystrophy, and immediately after transplantation bone mineral density (BMD) commonly falls. Together, these abnormalities predispose to an increased fracture incidence. Bisphosphonate or calcitriol therapy can preserve BMD after transplantation, but although bisphosphonates may be more effective, they pose potential risks for adynamic bone. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A total of 153 kidney (61%) and kidney-pancreas (39%) transplant recipients were allocated to bisphosphonate (62%) or calcitriol (38%) therapy using an algorithm that incorporated BMD, prevalent vertebral fracture, biomarkers of bone turnover, and risk factor assessment. Patients received cholecalciferol and calcium as appropriate and were followed for 12 mo. RESULTS: Patients who were treated with bisphosphonates had lower BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck and longer time on dialysis. Age and gender were similar between the groups. At 12 mo, bisphosphonate-treated patients had significant BMD increases at the lumber spine and femoral neck and a negative trend at the wrist. Patients who were allocated to calcitriol, who were assessed to have lower baseline fracture risk, had no significant change in BMD at any site. At 1 yr, mean levels of bone turnover marker and intact parathyroid hormone normalized in both groups. Incident fracture rates did not differ significantly. CONCLUSIONS: With targeted treatment, BMD levels were stable or improved and bone turnover markers normalized. This algorithm provides a guide to targeting therapy after transplantation that avoids BMD loss and may reduce suppression of bone turnover.

Type Journal
ISBN 1555-905X (Electronic) 1555-9041 (Linking)
Authors Mainra, R.; Elder, G. J.;
Garvan Authors A/Prof Grahame Elder
Publisher Name CLIN J AM SOC NEPHRO
Published Date 2010-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 5
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 117-24
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=19965527
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?10615_11288/10 Mainra CJASN_.pdf