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The expression of the ubiquitin ligase SIAH2 (seven in absentia homolog 2) is mediated through gene copy number in breast cancer and is associated with a basal-like phenotype and p53 expression

Abstract

ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The seven in absentia homolog 2 (SIAH2) protein plays a significant role in the hypoxic response by regulating the abundance of hypoxia-inducible factor-alpha; however, its role in breast carcinoma is unclear. We investigated the frequency and expression pattern of SIAH2 in two independent cohorts of sporadic breast cancers. METHODS: Immunohistochemical evaluation of SIAH2protein expression was conducted in normal breast tissues and in tissue microarrays comprising ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and a cohort of invasive breast carcinomas. Correlation analysis was performed between SIAH2 and clinicopathological variables and intrinsic breast cancer subgroups and validated in a cohort of 293 invasive ductal carcinomas. Promoter methylation, gene copy number and mRNA expression of SIAH2 were determined in a panel of basal-like tumors and cell lines. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in nuclear SIAH2 expression from normal breast tissues through to DCIS and progression to invasive cancers. A significant inverse correlation was apparent between SIAH2 and estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor and a positive association with tumor grade, HER2, p53 and an intrinsic basal-like subtype. Logistic regression analysis confirmed the significant positive association between SIAH2 expression and the basal-like phenotype. No SIAH2 promoter methylation was identified, yet there was a significant correlation between SIAH2 mRNA and gene copy number. SIAH2-positive tumors were associated with a shorter relapse-free survival in univariate but not multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: SIAH2 expression is upregulated in basal-like breast cancers via copy number changes and/or transcriptional activation by p53 and is likely to be partly responsible for the enhanced hypoxic drive through abrogation of the prolyl hydroxylases.

Authors Chan, P.; Moller, A.; Liu, M. C.; Sceneay, J. E.; Wong, C. S.; Waddell, N.; Huang, K. T.; Dobrovic, A.; Millar, E. K.; O'Toole, S. A.; McNeil, C. M.; Sutherland, R. L.; Bowtell, D. D.; Fox, S. B.:
Garvan Authors Dr Ewan Millar , Prof Sandra O'Toole
Publisher Name BREAST CANCER RES
Published Date 2011-07-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 13
Published Issue 1
Published Pages R19
URL http://breast-cancer-research.com/imedia/1117359764452394_article.pdf
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?10753_11441/11_Chan_BCR.pdf