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Impact of the genome on the epigenome is manifested in DNA methylation patterns of imprinted regions in monozygotic and dizygotic twins.

Abstract

One of the best studied read-outs of epigenetic change is the differential expression of imprinted genes, controlled by differential methylation of imprinted control regions (ICRs). To address the impact of genotype on the epigenome, we performed a detailed study in 128 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) and 128 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins, interrogating the DNA methylation status of the ICRs of IGF2, H19, KCNQ1, GNAS and the non-imprinted gene RUNX1. While we found a similar overall pattern of methylation between MZ and DZ twins, we also observed a high degree of variability in individual CpG methylation levels, notably at the H19/IGF2 loci. A degree of methylation plasticity independent of the genome sequence was observed, with both local and regional CpG methylation changes, discordant between MZ and DZ individual pairs. However, concordant gains or losses of methylation, within individual twin pairs were more common in MZ than DZ twin pairs, indicating that de novo and/or maintenance methylation is influenced by the underlying DNA sequence. Specifically, for the first time we showed that the rs10732516 [A] polymorphism, located in a critical CTCF binding site in the H19 ICR locus, is strongly associated with increased hypermethylation of specific CpG sites in the maternal H19 allele. Together, our results highlight the impact of the genome on the epigenome and demonstrate that while DNA methylation states are tightly maintained between genetically identical and related individuals, there remains considerable epigenetic variation that may contribute to disease susceptibility.

Type Journal
ISBN 1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)
Authors Coolen, M.W.; Statham, A.L.; Qu, W.; Campbell, M.J.; Henders, A.K.; Montgomery, G.W.; Martin, N.G.; Clark, S.J.
Garvan Authors Aaron Statham , Prof Susan Clark , Dr Wenjia Qu
Publisher Name PLoS ONE
Published Date 2011-10-13 00:00:00
Published Volume 6
Published Issue 10
Published Pages e25590
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21991322
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?10932_11612/11_Coolen_PLoS1.pdf