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Evidence of p38gamma and p38delta involvement in cell transformation processes

Abstract

The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) signal transduction pathway is an important regulator of cell processes, whose deregulation leads to the development and progression of cancer. Defining the role of each p38MAPK family member in these processes has been difficult. To date, most studies of the p38MAPK pathways focused on function of the p38alpha isoform, which is widely considered to negatively regulate malignant transformation; nonetheless, few reports address the p38gamma and p38delta isoforms. Here, we used embryonic fibroblasts derived from mice lacking p38gamma or p38delta and show evidence that these isoforms participate in several processes involved in malignant transformation. We observed that lack of either p38gamma or p38delta increased cell migration and metalloproteinase-2 secretion, whereas only p38delta deficiency impaired cell contact inhibition. In addition, lack of p38gamma in K-Ras-transformed fibroblasts led to increased cell proliferation as well as tumorigenesis both in vitro and in vivo. Our results indicate that p38gamma and p38delta have a role in the suppression of tumor development.

Type Journal
ISBN 1460-2180 (Electronic) 0143-3334 (Linking)
Authors Cerezo-Guisado, M. I.; del Reino, P.; Remy, G.; Kuma, Y.; Arthur, J. S.; Gallego-Ortega, D.; Cuenda, A.;
Publisher Name CARCINOGENESIS
Published Date 2011-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 32
Published Issue 7
Published Pages 1093-9
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=21558321
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?11287_11734/11 Cerezo-Guisado Carcinogenesis.pdf