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In vivo quantification of glucose uptake and conversion to glycogen in individual muscles of the rat following exercise

Abstract

Glycogen depletion is thought to be a potent stimulus for the substantially increased glucose fluxes observed in skeletal muscle following exercise. The aim of this study was to establish the relationships between the glycogen mass and the rates of glucose uptake (Rg') and glucose incorporation into glycogen (Rgly) in individual muscles of conscious adult Wistar rats following moderate nonexhausting treadmill exercise (15 m/min at a 10 degree slope for 45 minutes, approximately 65% VO2max). Muscle glycogen content was determined at 0, 20, 45, 90, or 135 minutes following exercise and compared with Rg' and Rgly measurements at matched times. Muscle types varied in the rate of glycogen resynthesis. Glycogen depots of glycolytic muscle (white gastrocnemius) were still significantly (P < .01) lower than preexercise levels after 135 minutes; red oxidative muscles (soleus and red gastrocnemius) were essentially repleted by 90 minutes. Immediately following exercise, Rg' and Rgly in red gastrocnemius and soleus were 42 +/- 4 and 42 +/- 5 and 36 +/- 2 and 33 +/- 7 micromol/(min . 100 g), greater than the rates induced by maximal insulin stimulation in previous studies. In red muscles, there was a strong inverse relationship between Rgly and tissue glycogen content, consistent with a dominant role for the glycogen mass in the regulation of glycogen resynthesis.

Type Journal
ISBN 0026-0495 (Print)
Authors Furler, S. M.;Goldstein, M.;Cooney, G. J.;Kraegen, E. W. :
Garvan Authors Prof Gregory Cooney , Prof Ted Kraegen
Publisher Name METABOLISM
Published Date 1998-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 47
Published Issue 4
Published Pages 409-14
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=9550537
Status Published In-print