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Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) copy number is an independent prognostic factor in non-small cell lung cancer

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) is an oncogene that can potentially be targeted by tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and prognostic significance of alterations in FGFR1 copy number in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). FGFR1 status was evaluated by chromogenic silver in situ hybridisation (ISH) in tissue microarray sections from a retrospective cohort of 304 surgically resected NSCLCs and results were correlated with the clinicopathological features and overall survival. High FGFR1 gene copy number (amplification or high-level polysomy) was significantly more frequent in squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) (24.8%) and large cell carcinomas (LCC) (25%) compared to adenocarcinomas (11.3%) (p = 0.01 and p = 0.03 respectively). Among NSCLC there was no significant correlation between FGFR1-positive status and other clinicopathological features including age, gender, smoking history, tumour size, lymph node status, stage, grade, vascular, lymphatic or perineural invasion. FGFR1-positive patients showed a tendency to longer overall survival in univariate analysis (p = 0.14). Multivariate survival analysis using Cox regression model confirmed FGFR1-positive patients had a significant reduction in the risk of death compared to FGFR1-negative patients (HR 0.6; p = 0.02). High FGFR1 gene copy number is a common finding in SCC and LCC and is an independent favourable prognostic factor.

Type Journal
ISBN 1872-8332 (Electronic) 0169-5002 (Linking)
Authors Tran, T. N.; Selinger, C. I.; Kohonen-Corish, M. R.; McCaughan, B. C.; Kennedy, C. W.; O'Toole, S. A.; Cooper, W. A.;
Garvan Authors A/Prof Maija Kohonen-Corish
Publisher Name LUNG CANCER
Published Date 2013-09-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 81
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 462-7
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23806793
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?11895_12371/13_Tran_Lung_.pdf