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Cell and Molecular Determinants of in Vivo Efficacy of the Bh3 Mimetic Abt-263 against Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Xenografts


Purpose: Predictive biomarkers are required to identify patients who may benefit from the use of BH3 mimetics such as ABT-263. This study investigated the efficacy of ABT-263 against a panel of patient-derived pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) xenografts and utilized cell and molecular approaches to identify biomarkers that predict in vivo ABT-263 sensitivity. Experimental Design: The in vivo efficacy of ABT-263 was tested against a panel of 31 patient-derived ALL xenografts comprised of MLL-, BCP- and T-ALL subtypes. Basal gene expression profiles of ALL xenografts were analyzed and confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR, protein expression and BH3 profiling. An in vitro co-culture assay with immortalized human mesenchymal cells was utilized to build a predictive model of in vivo ABT-263 sensitivity. Results: ABT-263 demonstrated impressive activity against pediatric ALL xenografts, with 19 of 31 achieving objective responses. Among BCL2 family members, in vivo ABT-263 sensitivity correlated best with low MCL1 mRNA expression levels. BH3 profiling revealed that resistance to ABT-263 correlated with mitochondrial priming by NOXA peptide, suggesting a functional role for MCL1 protein. Using an in vitro co-culture assay, a predictive model of in vivo ABT-263 sensitivity was built. Testing this model against 11 xenografts predicted in vivo ABT-263 responses with high sensitivity (50%) and specificity (100%). Conclusion: These results highlight the in vivo efficacy of ABT-263 against a broad range of pediatric ALL subtypes and shows that a combination of in vitro functional assays can be used to predict its in vivo efficacy.

Type Journal
ISBN 1078-0432 (Electronic) 1078-0432 (Linking)
Authors Suryani, S.; Carol, H.; Ni Chonghaile, T.; Frismantas, V.; Sarmah, C.; High, L.; Bornhauser, B.; Cowley, M. J.; Szymanska, B.; Evans, K.; Boehm, I.; Tonna, E.; Jones, L.; Moradi Manesh, D.; Kurmasheva, R. T.; Billups, C. A.; Kaplan, W.; Letai, A.; Bourquin, J. P.; Houghton, P.; Smith, M. A.; Lock, R. B.;
Garvan Authors Dr Mark Cowley , Dr Martin Smith , Dr Warren Kaplan
Publisher Name CLIN CANCER RES
Published Date 2014-01-01 00:00:00
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link Cancer Res-2014-Suryani-4520-31.pdf