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Muscle lipid accumulation and protein kinase C activation in the insulin-resistant chronically glucose-infused rat

Abstract

Chronic glucose infusion results in hyperinsulinemia and causes lipid accumulation and insulin resistance in rat muscle. To examine possible mechanisms for the insulin resistance, alterations in malonyl-CoA and long-chain acyl-CoA (LCA-CoA) concentration and the distribution of protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes, putative links between muscle lipids and insulin resistance, were determined. Cannulated rats were infused with glucose (40 mg. kg(-1). min(-1)) for 1 or 4 days. This increased red quadriceps muscle LCA-CoA content (sum of 6 species) by 1.3-fold at 1 day and 1.4-fold at 4 days vs. saline-infused controls (both P < 0.001 vs. control). The concentration of malonyl-CoA was also increased (1.7-fold at 1 day, P < 0.01, and 2.2-fold at 4 days, P < 0.001 vs. control), suggesting an even greater increase in cytosolic LCA-CoA. The ratio of membrane to cytosolic PKC-epsilon was increased twofold in the red gastrocnemius after both 1 and 4 days, suggesting chronic activation. No changes were observed for PKC-alpha, -delta, and -theta. We conclude that LCA-CoAs accumulate in muscle during chronic glucose infusion, consistent with a malonyl-CoA-induced inhibition of fatty acid oxidation (reverse glucose-fatty acid cycle). Accumulation of LCA-CoAs could play a role in the generation of muscle insulin resistance by glucose oversupply, either directly or via chronic activation of PKC-epsilon.

Type Journal
ISBN 0002-9513 (Print)
Authors Laybutt, D. R.;Schmitz-Peiffer, C.;Saha, A. K.;Ruderman, N. B.;Biden, T. J.;Kraegen, E. W. :
Garvan Authors A/Prof Ross Laybutt , Prof Ted Kraegen
Publisher Name Am J Physiol
Published Date 1999-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 277
Published Issue 6 Pt 1
Published Pages E1070-6
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10600797
Status Published In-print