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Selective insulin resistance in adipocytes

Abstract

Aside from glucose metabolism, insulin regulates a variety of pathways in peripheral tissues. Under insulin-resistant conditions, it is well known that insulin-stimulated glucose uptake is impaired, and many studies attribute this to a defect in Akt signaling. Here we make use of several insulin resistance models, including insulin-resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes and fat explants prepared from high fat-fed C57BL/6J and ob/ob mice, to comprehensively distinguish defective from unaffected aspects of insulin signaling and its downstream consequences in adipocytes. Defective regulation of glucose uptake was observed in all models of insulin resistance, whereas other major actions of insulin such as protein synthesis and anti-lipolysis were normal. This defect corresponded to a reduction in the maximum response to insulin. The pattern of change observed for phosphorylation in the Akt pathway was inconsistent with a simple defect at the level of Akt. The only Akt substrate that showed consistently reduced phosphorylation was the RabGAP AS160 that regulates GLUT4 translocation. We conclude that insulin resistance in adipose tissue is highly selective for glucose metabolism and likely involves a defect in one of the components regulating GLUT4 translocation to the cell surface in response to insulin.

Type Journal
ISBN 1083-351X (Electronic) 0021-9258 (Linking)
Authors Tan, S. X.; Fisher-Wellman, K. H.; Fazakerley, D. J.; Ng, Y.; Pant, H.; Li, J.; Meoli, C. C.; Coster, A. C.; Stockli, J.; James, D. E.;
Garvan Authors
Publisher Name J BIOL CHEM
Published Date 2015-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 290
Published Issue 18
Published Pages 11337-48
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25720492
Status Published In-print