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The postprandial response of adiponectin to a high-fat meal in normal and insulin-resistant subjects

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin is an adipose-specific protein with short-term effects in vivo on glucose and fatty acid levels. We studied the plasma concentration and the proteolytic activation status of adiponectin following the consumption of a high-fat, low-carbohydrate meal. DESIGN: Analysis of adiponectin concentration and polypeptide structure after consumption of a fat meal. SUBJECTS: Normal subjects (n=24) and first-degree relatives of patients with type II diabetes (n=20). MEASUREMENTS: All subjects had a normal fasting plasma glucose and glucose tolerance. Blood was collected for the determination of plasma insulin, adiponectin, triglyceride, and free fatty acids. Body composition was assessed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and whole-body insulin sensitivity with a euglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic clamp. Postprandial response over 6 h was determined for plasma adiponectin, glucose, insulin, triglyceride, and free fatty acids. Adiponectin was measured by commercial RIA and its polypeptide structure examined by Western blotting. RESULTS: The relatives were more insulin resistant and had increased adiposity compared with control subjects. There was no significant difference in postprandial response in fatty acids, triglyceride, or insulin between the groups. Postprandial levels of adiponectin measured by radioimmunoassay were not significantly different from fasting levels, and no breakdown products of adiponectin were detectable in postprandial samples by Western blotting. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of circulating adiponectin do not alter in response to a fat meal, despite evidence in mice that acute changes in adiponectin significantly affect postprandial fatty acid flux. Moreover, a fat meal challenge did not lead to significant activation of adiponectin by proteolytic conversion.

Type Journal
ISBN 0307-0565 (Print)
Authors Peake, P. W.;Kriketos, A. D.;Denyer, G. S.;Campbell, L. V.;Charlesworth, J. A. :
Publisher Name Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord
Published Date 2003-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 27
Published Issue 6
Published Pages 657-62
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12833108
Status Published In-print