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Nicotinic acid-induced insulin resistance is related to increased circulating fatty acids and fat oxidation but not muscle lipid content

Abstract

Insulin resistance is associated with increased circulating lipids and skeletal muscle lipid content. Chronic nicotinic acid (NA) treatment reduces insulin sensitivity and provides a model of insulin resistance. We hypothesized that the reduction in insulin sensitivity occurs via elevation of circulating nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) and an increase in intramyocellular lipid (IMCL). A total of 15 nondiabetic males (mean age 27.4 +/- 1.6 years) were treated with NA (500 mg daily for 1 week, 1 g daily for 1 week). Insulin sensitivity (glucose infusion rate [GIR]) was determined pre- and post-NA by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp. Substrate oxidation was determined by indirect calorimetry. Skeletal muscle lipid was assessed by estimation of long-chain acyl-CoA (LCACoA) and triglyceride (TG) content and by (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy quantification of IMCL (n = 11). NA reduced GIR (P =.03) and nonoxidative glucose disposal (P <.01) and increased fasting NEFAs (P =.01). The decrease in GIR related significantly to the increase in fasting NEFAs (r(2) =.30, P =.03). The intrasubject increase in basal and clamp fat oxidation correlated with the decrease in GIR (r(2) =.45, P <.01 and r(2) =.63, P <.01). There were no significant changes in muscle LCACoA, TG, or IMCL content. Therefore, induction of insulin resistance by NA occurs with increased availability of circulating fatty acids to muscle rather than with increased muscle lipid content.

Type Journal
ISBN 0026-0495 (Print)
Authors Poynten, A. M.;Gan, S. K.;Kriketos, A. D.;O'Sullivan, A.;Kelly, J. J.;Ellis, B. A.;Chisholm, D. J.;Campbell, L. V. :
Publisher Name METABOLISM
Published Date 2003-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 52
Published Issue 6
Published Pages 699-704
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=12800094
Status Published In-print