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Improved glucose homeostasis and enhanced insulin signalling in Grb14-deficient mice

Abstract

Gene targeting was used to characterize the physiological role of growth factor receptor-bound (Grb)14, an adapter-type signalling protein that associates with the insulin receptor (IR). Adult male Grb14(-/-) mice displayed improved glucose tolerance, lower circulating insulin levels, and increased incorporation of glucose into glycogen in the liver and skeletal muscle. In ex vivo studies, insulin-induced 2-deoxyglucose uptake was enhanced in soleus muscle, but not in epididymal adipose tissue. These metabolic effects correlated with tissue-specific alterations in insulin signalling. In the liver, despite lower IR autophosphorylation, enhanced insulin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and activation of protein kinase B (PKB) was observed. In skeletal muscle, IR tyrosine phosphorylation was normal, but signalling via IRS-1 and PKB was increased. Finally, no effect of Grb14 ablation was observed on insulin signalling in white adipose tissue. These findings demonstrate that Grb14 functions in vivo as a tissue-specific modulator of insulin action, most likely via repression of IR-mediated IRS-1 tyrosine phosphorylation, and highlight this protein as a potential target for therapeutic intervention.

Type Journal
ISBN 0261-4189 (Print)
Authors Cooney, G. J.;Lyons, R. J.;Crew, A. J.;Jensen, T. E.;Molero, J. C.;Mitchell, C. J.;Biden, T. J.;Ormandy, C. J.;James, D. E.;Daly, R. J. :
Garvan Authors Prof Chris Ormandy , Prof Gregory Cooney
Publisher Name EMBO J
Published Date 2004-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 23
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 582-93
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=14749734
Status Published In-print