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Is postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia in relatives of type 2 diabetic subjects a consequence of insulin resistance?

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Higher postprandial triglyceride responses reported in first degree relatives of people with type 2 diabetes (REL) were postulated to be the result of an early, possibly intrinsic, defect in oral lipid handling. The postprandial triglyceride response to high fat meals (HFM) in normal subjects is reduced by the insulin response to dietary carbohydrate (CHO) in the meal. The aims of this study were to examine whether (1) insulin resistance is associated with an intrinsic defect in triglyceride handling in insulin-resistant REL and (2) insulin resistance is associated with altered triglyceride handling after HFM with high CHO content. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Postprandial responses to a HFM in normolipidaemic, normoglycaemic REL were compared with subjects without a family history of diabetes mellitus (CON). Over 6 h, the insulin, glucose, triglyceride and nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) responses after a high fat (80 g fat), low CHO (HFM-LC; 20 g CHO, 4250 kJ) meal and a high fat, high CHO (HFM-HC; 100 g CHO, 5450 kJ) meal were examined. RESULTS: The 10 (7F/3M) REL were significantly more insulin-resistant, determined by glucose infusion during a hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp than the 10 (5F/5M) CON (glucose infusion rate 44.6 +/- 4.9 vs. 60.0 +/- 4.8 micromol min(-1) kg FFM(-1), P = 0.037). Subjects were similar for age and body mass index (BMI). The triglyceride increments after the HFM-LC were similar in both, peaking at 180-240 min (Delta0.77 +/- 0.11 mmol L(-1)), demonstrating no postprandial defect in REL, despite insulin resistance. There was a significantly lower postprandial triglyceride response in CON following the HFM-HC compared with the HFM-LC, but not in REL. In contrast, the higher insulin level during the HFM-HC was associated with significantly greater NEFA level suppression than in the HFM-LC (2.13 +/- 0.51 vs. 0.70 +/- 0.35 mmol L(-1), P = 0.03), only in the REL. CONCLUSIONS: These results are inconsistent with a primary aetiological role for postprandial hypertriglyceridaemia in already insulin resistant type 2 diabetic REL, but raise the possibility that this potentially atherogenic manifestation is secondary to insulin resistance lessening VLDL production and/or release from the liver.

Type Journal
ISBN 0014-2972 (Print)
Authors Kriketos, A.;Milner, K. L.;Denyer, G.;Campbell, L. :
Publisher Name EUR J CLIN INVEST
Published Date 2005-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 35
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 117-25
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15667583
Status Published In-print