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Headloop suppression PCR and its application to selective amplification of methylated DNA sequences

Abstract

Selective amplification in PCR is principally determined by the sequence of the primers and the temperature of the annealing step. We have developed a new PCR technique for distinguishing related sequences in which additional selectivity is dependent on sequences within the amplicon. A 5' extension is included in one (or both) primer(s) that corresponds to sequences within one of the related amplicons. After copying and incorporation into the PCR product this sequence is then able to loop back, anneal to the internal sequences and prime to form a hairpin structure-this structure is then refractory to further amplification. Thus, amplification of sequences containing a perfect match to the 5' extension is suppressed while amplification of sequences containing mismatches or lacking the sequence is unaffected. We have applied Headloop PCR to DNA that had been bisulphite-treated for the selective amplification of methylated sequences of the human GSTP1 gene in the presence of up to a 10(5)-fold excess of unmethylated sequences. Headloop PCR has a potential for clinical application in the detection of differently methylated DNAs following bisulphite treatment as well as for selective amplification of sequence variants or mutants in the presence of an excess of closely related DNA sequences.

Type Journal
ISBN 1362-4962 (Electronic)
Authors Rand, K. N.;Ho, T.;Qu, W.;Mitchell, S. M.;White, R.;Clark, S. J.;Molloy, P. L. :
Publisher Name NUCLEIC ACIDS RES
Published Date 2005-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 33
Published Issue 14
Published Pages e127
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=16091627
Status Published In-print