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Polarized distribution of inducible nitric oxide synthase regulates activity in intestinal epithelial cells

Abstract

Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) functions as a homodimer. In cell extracts, iNOS molecules partition both in cytosolic and particulate fractions, indicating that iNOS exists as soluble and membrane associated forms. In this study, iNOS features were investigated in human intestinal epithelial cells stimulated with cytokines and in duodenum from mice exposed to flagellin. Our experiments indicate that iNOS is mainly associated with the particulate fraction of cell extracts. Confocal microscopy showed a preferential localization of iNOS at the apical pole of intestinal epithelial cells. In particulate fractions, iNOS dimers were more abundant than in the cytosolic fraction. Similar observations were seen in mouse duodenum samples. These results suggest that, in epithelial cells, iNOS activity is regulated by localization-dependent processes.

Type Journal
ISBN 1742-464X (Print)
Authors Rumbo, M.;Courjault-Gautier, F.;Sierro, F.;Sirard, J. C.;Felley-Bosco, E. :
Publisher Name FEBS J
Published Date 2005-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 272
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 444-53
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15654882
Status Published In-print