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Genomic profiling of CpG methylation and allelic specificity using quantitative high-throughput mass spectrometry: critical evaluation and improvements

Abstract

CpG methylation is a key component of the epigenome architecture that is associated with changes in gene expression without a change to the DNA sequence. Since the first reports on deregulation of DNA methylation, in diseases such as cancer, and the initiation of the Human Epigenome Project, an increasing need has arisen for a detailed, high-throughput and quantitative method of analysis to discover and validate normal and aberrant DNA methylation profiles in large sample cohorts. Here we present an improved protocol using base-specific fragmentation and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry that enables a sensitive and high-throughput method of DNA methylation analysis, quantitative to 5% methylation for each informative CpG residue. We have determined the accuracy, variability and sensitivity of the protocol, implemented critical improvements in experimental design and interpretation of the data and developed a new formula to accurately measure CpG methylation. Key innovations now permit determination of differential and allele-specific methylation, such as in cancer and imprinting. The new protocol is ideally suitable for detailed DNA methylation analysis of multiple genomic regions and large sample cohorts that is critical for comprehensive profiling of normal and diseased human epigenomes.

Type Journal
ISBN 1362-4962 (Electronic)
Authors Coolen, M. W.;Statham, A. L.;Gardiner-Garden, M.;Clark, S. J. :
Garvan Authors Prof Susan Clark
Publisher Name NUCLEIC ACIDS RES
Published Date 2007-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 35
Published Issue 18
Published Pages e119
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17855397
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?2188_10925/07 Coolen NAR.pdf