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Neuropeptide Y is important for basal and seizure-induced precursor cell proliferation in the hippocampus

Abstract

We have shown that neuropeptide Y (NPY) regulates neurogenesis in the normal dentate gyrus (DG) via Y(1) receptors (Howell, O.W., Scharfman, H.E., Herzog, H., Sundstrom, L.E., Beck-Sickinger, A. and Gray, W.P. (2003) Neuropeptide Y is neuroproliferative for post-natal hippocampal precursor cells. J Neurochem, 86, 646-659; Howell, O.W., Doyle, K., Goodman, J.H., Scharfman, H.E., Herzog, H., Pringle, A., Beck-Sickinger, A.G. and Gray, W.P. (2005) Neuropeptide Y stimulates neuronal precursor proliferation in the post-natal and adult dentate gyrus. J Neurochem, 93, 560-570). This regulation may be relevant to epilepsy, because seizures increase both NPY expression and precursor cell proliferation in the DG. Therefore, the effects of NPY on DG precursors were evaluated in normal conditions and after status epilepticus. In addition, potentially distinct NPY-responsive precursors were identified, and an analysis performed not only of the DG, but also the caudal subventricular zone (cSVZ) and subcallosal zone (SCZ) where seizures modulate glial precursors. We show a proliferative effect of NPY on multipotent nestin cells expressing the stem cell marker Lewis-X from both the DG and the cSVZ/SCZ in vitro. We confirm an effect on proliferation in the cSVZ/SCZ of Y(1) receptor(-/-) mice and demonstrate a significant reduction in basal and seizure-induced proliferation in the DG of NPY(-/-) mice.

Type Journal
ISBN 0969-9961 (Print)
Authors Howell, O. W.;Silva, S.;Scharfman, H. E.;Sosunov, A. A.;Zaben, M.;Shatya, A.;McKhann, G., 2nd;Herzog, H.;Laskowski, A.;Gray, W. P. :
Garvan Authors Prof Herbert Herzog
Publisher Name NEUROBIOL DIS
Published Date 2007-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 26
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 174-88
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17317195
Status Published In-print
OpenAccess Link https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/download.php?2216_11117/07 Howell ND.pdf