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The production of high affinity monoclonal antibodies to human growth hormone

Abstract

The primary aim of this work was to produce specific monoclonal antibodies to human growth hormone (hGH) for use in a diagnostic RIA of hGH levels in serum. Three different schedules were used for immunization of BALB/c mice and the splenocytes from each mouse were fused with myeloma cells Sp 2/0 Ag 14. Each fusion resulted in the production of hundreds of hybridomas secreting hGH-directed antibodies. Six antibodies have been fully characterized and have been grouped into pairs which recognize 3 different epitopes on the hGH molecule. One pair exhibits no cross reaction with the structurally related placental hormone, human placental lactogen (hPL), a second pair has low cross reaction with hPL (1.6-3%) and a third pair reacts equally well with hGH and hPL indicating binding to a common epitope in the 2 molecules. The highest affinity antibody, 74/6, which has an affinity constant of 4.4 X 10(10) l/mol and 3% cross-reactivity with hPL, has been used to establish a RIA for serum hGH measurements. Evidence is provided that hGH levels measured in this assay correlate well with those obtained in a conventional rabbit antiserum assay.

Type Journal
ISBN 0022-1759 (Print)
Authors Stuart, M. C.;Walichnowski, C. M.;Underwood, P. A.;Hussain, S.;Harman, D. F.;Rathjen, D. A.;Von Sturmer, S. R. :
Publisher Name J IMMUNOL METHODS
Published Date 1983-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 61
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 33-42
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6854038
Status Published In-print