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Effect of exercise training on whole-body insulin sensitivity and responsiveness

Abstract

Exercise training causes a decline in basal and glucose-stimulated plasma insulin levels and improves glucose tolerance. Furthermore evidence has been presented for effects on both insulin receptors and postreceptor events. However, it is unclear how these changes affect the in vivo dose-response relationship between insulin levels and whole-body glucose utilization. The aim was to examine the effect of exercise training on this relationship and distinguish between changes in insulin sensitivity and responsiveness. Euglycemic clamps were performed in trained (ET, running 1 h/day for 7 wk), sedentary (CON), and sedentary food-restricted ( SFR ) rats. ET rats showed no increase in maximal net glucose utilization in response to insulin (ET 29.5 +/- 0.6 vs. CON 28.2 +/- 1.5 mg X kg-1 X min-1, NS), whereas insulin sensitivity was increased as indicated by the insulin concentration causing half-maximal stimulation (ED50) (49 +/- 20 for ET and 133 +/- 30 mU/l for CON). Thus 7 wk of moderate exercise training resulted in a significant shift of whole-body insulin sensitivity to place ED50 well within the physiological range of insulin concentrations. This would undoubtedly result in improved glucose disposal in the postprandial state and emphasizes the potential benefit of exercise in obesity and type II diabetes.

Type Journal
ISBN 0161-7567 (Print)
Authors James, D. E.;Kraegen, E. W.;Chisholm, D. J. :
Garvan Authors Prof Ted Kraegen
Publisher Name J APPL PHYSIOL
Published Date 1984-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 56
Published Issue 5
Published Pages 1217-22
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=6327582
Status Published In-print