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Pre- and postjunctional actions of neuropeptide Y and related peptides

Abstract

The effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) and related peptide fragments on blood pressure and vagal action at the heart were compared in the anaesthetized rat. A change in vagal action was taken as a measure of presynaptic activity and a change in blood pressure was taken as a measure of postsynaptic activity. NPY, NPY-(13-36), PYY-(13-36), des-Ser22-NPY-(13-36) and a stabilized 13-36 analogue of NPY (ANA NPY) all exerted pressor actions and attenuated vagal action at the heart. The maximum vagal inhibitory or presynaptic action in order of potency was NPY, ANA-NPY, PYY-(13-36) significantly greater than NPY-(13-36), des-Ser22-NPY-(13-36). The order of potency for the half time of this effect was NPY, ANA-NPY significantly longer than PYY-(13-36) and NPY-(13-36), which were significantly longer than des Ser22-NPY-(13-36). For the pressor or postsynaptic effects, NPY increased blood pressure significantly more and for a longer duration than all the 13-36 fragments, which were not demonstrably different in this respect. These results are consistent with the proposal that there are two populations of NPY receptors. The C-terminal flanking peptide of NPY (CPON) and desamido-NPY had no effect on either vagal action at the heart or on blood pressure.

Type Journal
ISBN 0167-0115 (Print)
Authors Potter, E. K.;Mitchell, L.;McCloskey, M. J.;Tseng, A.;Goodman, A. E.;Shine, J.;McCloskey, D. I. :
Garvan Authors Prof John Shine
Publisher Name Regul Pept
Published Date 1989-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 25
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 167-77
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=2756153
Status Published In-print