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Effect of biosynthetic human growth hormone on insulin action in individual tissues of the rat in vivo

Abstract

Excessive endogenous production or exogenous administration of human growth hormone (hGH) causes insulin resistance at both the hepatic and extrahepatic levels. However, which extrahepatic tissues are involved have not been defined. We have examined the diabetogenic action of authentic biosynthetic hGH on whole body glucose disposal, hepatic glucose output, and glucose metabolism in individual peripheral tissues. The use of a highly purified preparation of the hormone allowed us to examine the isolated effects of 22K hGH. The euglycemic hyperinsulinemic (approximately 100 mU/L) clamp plus 3H-2-deoxyglucose technique was used to quantitate the effects of hGH on insulin action in vivo. Administration of biosynthetic hGH at a dose of 10 IU/kg/24 h for 48 hours in male Wistar rats (approximately 340 g) produced a highly significant decrease in the steady state clamp glucose infusion rate (GIR) when compared with controls (8.1 +/- 0.6 v 18.7 +/- 0.7 mg/kg/min, P less than .001), reduced insulin-mediated suppression of hepatic glucose output (Ra) (3.9 +/- 0.6 v 0.7 +/- 0.3 mg/kg/min, P less than .05) and a decreased clamp glucose disposal rate (Rd) (12.0 +/- 0.4 v 18.10 +/- 1.1 mg/kg/min, P less than .001). There was a significant decrease in insulin-mediated glucose uptake as indicated by tissue accumulation of [3H]-2-deoxyglucose phosphorylation in diaphragm and hindlimb muscles. Insulin action was more substantially reduced in muscles (approximately 50%) than in adipose tissues (approximately 20%). These studies confirm that the diabetogenic action of hGH in the rat is due to a combination of inhibition of insulin suppression of hepatic glucose output and inhibition of the uptake and subsequent utilization of glucose in skeletal muscles.

Type Journal
ISBN 0026-0495 (Print)
Authors Ng, S. F.;Storlien, L. H.;Kraegen, E. W.;Stuart, M. C.;Chapman, G. E.;Lazarus, L. :
Garvan Authors Prof Ted Kraegen
Publisher Name METABOLISM
Published Date 1990-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 39
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 264-8
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=2407927
Status Published In-print