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Inducement by fat feeding of basal hyperglycemia in rats with abnormal beta-cell function. Model for study of etiology and pathogenesis of NIDDM

Abstract

Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a heterogenous disorder characterized by defects in insulin action and secretion. This study was aimed at developing a rat model in which these pathogenic factors might be studied. Male Wistar rats were injected at 2 days of age with 45 or 30 mg/kg streptozocin (STZ) or vehicle (control). Fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels were not significantly different between the two groups between 5 and 8 wk of age. At 8 wk, half of each group was randomly assigned to isocaloric diets high in either fat (59% of calories) or starch (70% of calories). After 1 wk on the diets, 45-mg/kg-STZ-administered fat-fed animals displayed significant fasting hyperglycemia (8.6 +/- 0.2 mM; P less than 0.01), which was exacerbated by the stress of anesthesia and/or cannulation, whereas no changes were observed in any of the other groups before (STZ starch fed, 6.7 +/- 0.1 mM; control fat fed, 6.8 +/- 0.1 mM; control starch fed; 6.4 +/- 0.1 mM) or after anesthesia and/or cannulation. In the 30-mg/kg-STZ animals, fat feeding did not significantly elevate plasma glucose concentration, but a significant hyperglycemic response was seen with anesthesia and/or cannulation. In all STZ groups, substantial impairment of glucose-induced insulin secretion was observed, particularly early-phase insulin secretion. Further studies indicated that STZ animals on a diet conferring normal insulin sensitivity (starch) maintained basal normoglycemia and mildly impaired (i.v.) glucose tolerance despite this gross insulin secretory defect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type Journal
ISBN 0012-1797 (Print)
Authors Pascoe, W. S.;Storlien, L. H. :
Publisher Name DIABETES
Published Date 1990-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 39
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 226-33
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=2146180
Status Published In-print