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Expression and regulation of cyclin genes in breast cancer

Abstract

Cyclins, the regulatory subunits of cyclin-dependent kinases, control passage through key check-points within the cell cycle. Since dysregulated expression and function of cyclins can lead to loss of normal growth control some of these genes are oncogenes. We have studied cyclin gene expression, regulation and function in breast cancers. Induction of cyclin D1 is an early event in mitogenic stimulation of breast cancer cells by growth factors and steroids. Furthermore, inhibition of cyclin D1 expression is an early response to growth inhibition by antioestrogens. Ectopic expression of cyclin D1 in T-47D breast cancer cells demonstrated that cyclin D1 is rate-limiting for progression through G1 phase and is sufficient for growth arrested cells to complete the cell cycle. Since this gene is frequently overexpressed in human breast cancers it may contribute to the development and progression of some breast carcinomas.

Type Journal
ISBN 0284-186X (Print)
Authors Sutherland, R. L.;Hamilton, J. A.;Sweeney, K. J.;Watts, C. K.;Musgrove, E. A. :
Publisher Name ACTA ONCOL
Published Date 1995-01-01 00:00:00
Published Volume 34
Published Issue 5
Published Pages 651-6
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=7546834
Status Published In-print