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PROSTATE CANCER

Prostate cancer is a condition in which some of the cells of the prostate reproduce far more rapidly than in a normal prostate, causing swelling or a tumour.
About prostate cancer

What is prostate cancer?

The prostate is a small gland about the size of a walnut at the base of a man’s bladder in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra just below the bladder. Prostate cancer is a condition in which some of the cells of the prostate reproduce far more rapidly than in a normal prostate, causing swelling or a tumour.

If left untreated, prostate cancer cells eventually break out of the prostate and invade other parts of the body (known as metastasis).

Key statistics

  • 16,665
    New cases of prostate cancer diagnosed in 2017
  • 95%
    Chance of surviving at least five years
  • 3,452
    Estimated number of deaths from prostate cancer in 2017
  • 1 in 5
    Men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer by the age of 85
  • 120,000
    Men are currently living with prostate cancer

Prostate cancer research at Garvan

Garvan’s prostate cancer research is diverse, focusing on translating basic scientific discoveries into the clinic. Our scientists, led by Professor Vanessa Hayes, Head of Garvan’s Human Comparative and Prostate Cancer Genomics Laboratory, is aiming to identify better treatment options tailored to an individual cancer. Men with advanced prostate cancer are treated with the chemotherapy drug docataxel. Unfortunately up to 50% of men do not respond to this treatment.

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