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NMNAT1 variants cause cone and cone-rod dystrophy

Abstract

Cone and cone-rod dystrophies (CD and CRD, respectively) are degenerative retinal diseases that predominantly affect the cone photoreceptors. The underlying disease gene is not known in approximately 75% of autosomal recessive cases. Variants in NMNAT1 cause a severe, early-onset retinal dystrophy called Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA). We report two patients where clinical phenotyping indicated diagnoses of CD and CRD, respectively. NMNAT1 variants were identified, with Case 1 showing an extremely rare homozygous variant c.[271G > A] p.(Glu91Lys) and Case 2 compound heterozygous variants c.[53 A > G];[769G > A] p.(Asn18Ser);(Glu257Lys). The detailed variant analysis, in combination with the observation of an associated macular atrophy phenotype, indicated that these variants were disease-causing. This report demonstrates that the variants in NMNAT1 may cause CD or CRD associated with macular atrophy. Genetic investigations of the patients with CD or CRD should include NMNAT1 in the genes examined.

Type Journal
ISBN 1018-4813
Authors Nash, B. M.; Symes, R.; Goel, H.; Dinger, M. E.; Bennetts, B.; Grigg, J. R.; Jamieson, R. V.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof Marcel Dinger
Publisher Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS
Published Date 2018-03-01
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1038/s41431-017-0029-7
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29184169