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beta-catenin is important for the development of an insulin responsive pool of GLUT4 glucose transporters in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Abstract

GLUT4 is unique among specialized glucose transporters in being exclusively expressed in muscle and adipocytes. In the absence of insulin the distribution of GLUT4 is preferentially intracellular and insulin stimulation results in the movement of GLUT4 containing vesicles to the plasma membrane. This process is responsible for the insulin stimulation of glucose uptake in muscle and fat. While signalling pathways triggering the translocation of GLUT4 are well understood, the mechanisms regulating the intracellular retention of GLUT4 are less well understood. Here we report a role for beta-catenin in this process. In 3T3-L1 adipocytes in which beta-catenin is depleted, the levels of GLUT4 at and near the plasma membrane rise in unstimulated cells while the subsequent increase in GLUT4 at the plasma membrane upon insulin stimulation is reduced. Small molecule approaches to acutely activate or inhibit beta-catenin give results that support the results obtained with siRNA and these changes are accompanied by matching changes in glucose transport into these cells. Together these results indicate that beta-catenin is a previously unrecognized regulator of the mechanisms that control the insulin sensitive pool of GLUT4 transporters inside these adipocyte cells.

Type Journal
ISBN 1090-2422 (Electronic) 0014-4827 (Linking)
Authors Dissanayake, W. C.; Sorrenson, B.; Cognard, E.; Hughes, W. E.; Shepherd, P. R.
Responsible Garvan Author Dr William Hughes
Publisher Name EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH
Published Date 2018-03-11
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1016/j.yexcr.2018.03.011
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29540328
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/14518