SAMHD1 enhances immunoglobulin hypermutation by promoting transversion mutation
Activation-induced deaminase (AID) initiates hypermutation of Ig genes in activated B cells by converting C:G into U:G base pairs. G1-phase variants of uracil base excision repair (BER) and mismatch repair (MMR) then deploy translesion polymerases including REV1 and Pol eta, which exacerbates mutation. dNTP paucity may contribute to hypermutation, because dNTP levels are reduced in G1 phase to inhibit viral replication. To derestrict G1-phase dNTP supply, we CRISPR-inactivated SAMHD1 (which degrades dNTPs) in germinal center B cells. Samhd1 inactivation increased B cell virus susceptibility, increased transition mutations at C:G base pairs, and substantially decreased transversion mutations at A:T and C:G base pairs in both strands. We conclude that SAMHD1's restriction of dNTP supply enhances AID's mutagenicity and that the evolution of Ig hypermutation included the repurposing of antiviral mechanisms based on dNTP starvation.
|ISBN||1091-6490 (Electronic) 0027-8424 (Linking)|
|Authors||Thientosapol, E. S.; Bosnjak, D.; Durack, T.; Stevanovski, I.; van Geldermalsen, M.; Holst, J.; Jahan, Z.; Shepard, C.; Weninger, W.; Kim, B.; Brink, R.; Jolly, C. J.|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA|
|URL link to publisher's version||https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29669924|