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Indirect presentation in the thymus limits naive and regulatory T-cell differentiation by promoting deletion of self-reactive thymocytes

Abstract

Acquisition of T-cell central tolerance involves distinct pathways of self-antigen presentation to thymocytes. One pathway termed indirect presentation requires a self-antigen transfer step from thymic epithelial cells (TECs) to bone marrow-derived cells before the self-antigen is presented to thymocytes. The role of indirect presentation in central tolerance is context-dependent, potentially due to variation in self-antigen expression, processing and presentation in the thymus. Here, we report experiments in mice in which TECs expressed a membrane-bound transgenic self-antigen, hen egg lysozyme (HEL), from either the insulin (insHEL) or thyroglobulin (thyroHEL) promoter. Intrathymic HEL expression was less abundant and more confined to the medulla in insHEL mice compared with thyroHEL mice. When indirect presentation was impaired by generating mice lacking MHC class II expression in bone marrow-derived antigen-presenting cells, insHEL-mediated thymocyte deletion was abolished, whereas thyroHEL-mediated deletion occurred at a later stage of thymocyte development and Foxp3(+) regulatory T-cell differentiation increased. Indirect presentation increased the strength of T-cell receptor signalling that both self-antigens induced in thymocytes, as assessed by Helios expression. Hence, indirect presentation limits the differentiation of naive and regulatory T cells by promoting deletion of self-reactive thymocytes.

Type Journal
ISBN 1365-2567 (Electronic) 0019-2805 (Linking)
Authors Yap, J. Y.; Wirasinha, R. C.; Chan, A.; Howard, D. R.; Goodnow, C. C.; Daley, S. R.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Christopher Goodnow
Publisher Name IMMUNOLOGY
Published Volume 154
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 522-532
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1111/imm.12904
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29411880