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Osteoglycin, a novel coordinator of bone and glucose homeostasis


OBJECTIVE: The skeleton, which is strongly controlled by endocrine factors, has recently been shown to also play an active endocrine role itself, specifically influencing energy metabolism. However, much less is known about this role. Therefore, we sought to identify novel endocrine factors involved in the regulation of both bone mass and whole-body glucose homeostasis. METHODS: We used transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of Y1 receptor deficient osteoblasts combined with the generation of a novel osteoglycin deficient mouse model and performed comprehensive in vivo phenotype profiling, combined with osteoglycin administration in wildtype mice and human studies. RESULTS: Here we identify a novel role for osteoglycin, a secreted proteoglycan, in coordinating bone accretion with changes in energy balance. Using an osteoglycin knockout mouse model, we show that at a whole body level, osteoglycin acts to suppress bone formation and modulate whole body energy supplies by altering glucose uptake through changes in insulin secretion and sensitivity, as well as by altering food intake through central signaling. Examining humans following gastric surgery as a model of negative energy balance, we show that osteoglycin is associated with BMI and lean mass as well as changes in weight, BMI, and glucose levels. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, we identify osteoglycin as a novel factor involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis and identify a role for it in facilitating the matching of bone acquisition to alterations in energy status.

Type Journal
ISBN 2212-8778 (Electronic) 2212-8778 (Linking)
Authors Lee, N. J.; Ali, N.; Zhang, L.; Qi, Y.; Clarke, I.; Enriquez, R. F.; Brzozowska, M.; Lee, I. C.; Rogers, M. J.; Laybutt, D. R.; Center, J. R.; Baldock, P. A.; Herzog, H.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Herbert Herzog
Publisher Name Molecular Metabolism
Published Date 2018-05-08
Published Volume 13
Published Issue July 18
Published Pages 30-44
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1016/j.molmet.2018.05.004
URL link to publisher's version
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version