Role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the differentiation of Trpm-5-positive olfactory microvillar cells
The mouse olfactory neuroepithelium (ON) is comprised of anatomically distinct populations of cells in separate regions; apical (sustentacular and microvillar), neuronal (olfactory sensory neurons) and basal (horizontal and globose basal cells). The existence of microvillar cells (MVCs) is well documented but their nature and function remains unclear. An important transcription factor for the differentiation of MVCs is Skn-1a, with loss of function of Skn-1a in mice resulting in a complete loss of Trpm-5 expressing MVCs, while olfactory sensory neuron differentiation is normal. Our previous research has shown that neuropeptide Y (NPY) is expressed in MVCs and is important in the neuroproliferation of olfactory precursors. This study showed that following X-ray irradiation of the snout of wildtype mice, which decreases the proliferation of basal precursor cells, the numbers of Trpm-5-positive MVCs is increased at 2 and 5weeks post-irradiation compared to controls. Skn-1a expression in the ON following X-ray irradiation also increases at 2weeks post-irradiation in a regionally specific manner matching the expression pattern of Trpm-5-positive MVCs. In parallel, NPYCre knock-in mice were used to examine the expression of Skn-1a following activation of NPY unilaterally in the ON (unilateral nasal irrigation of AAV-NPY-FLEX). These experiments demonstrated that Skn-1a is only expressed when NPY is activated in MVCs. Therefore the expression of NPY is necessary for the transcription factor-mediated differentiation of olfactory MVCs.
|ISBN||1532-2785 (Electronic) 0143-4179 (Linking)|
|Authors||Doyle, K. L.; Cunha, C.; Hort, Y.; Tasan, R.; Sperk, G.; Shine, J.; Herzog, H.|
|Responsible Garvan Author||Prof Herbert Herzog|
|Published Issue||April 18|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29530408|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/14583|