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The Assessment of Clinical Usage and Prognostic Value of YKL-40 Serum Levels in Patients With Rectal Cancer Without Distant Metastasis


BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common and significant malignancies in the world. YKL-40 (chitinase-3-like protein 1) is involved in cell proliferation, migration, inflammation, and tissue remodeling; and serum levels of YKL-40 are associated with patient outcome in various cancers. The aim of this study was to assess the potential clinical usage of YKL-40 pretreatment serum levels as a prognostic biomarker in rectal cancer. METHODS: Concentrations of YKL-40 and standard tumor marker-Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-were assessed in serum of 83 patients with rectal cancer without distant metastasis, and association with clinicopathological characteristics and disease-free and overall survival was evaluated. RESULTS: Concentration of YKL-40 was significantly higher in serum of patients with rectal cancer compared to healthy controls ( P = .0001), and YKL-40 levels were able to predict rectal cancer (area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic [ROC] curve = .769) with higher accuracy than CEA (area under the ROC curve = .728) in patients with early stage disease. Increased YKL-40 levels were significantly associated with age ( P = .001); however, no association with other clinicopathological characteristics was observed. Finally, in patients with recurrence, the percentage of cases with increased concentration of YKL-40 was significantly higher than in patients without recurrence ( P = .041), and Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that elevated YKL-40 concentration is a predictor of poor overall survival in patients with rectal cancer. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment serum levels of YKL-40 may be a novel prognostic factor of overall and disease-free survival in patients with nonmetastatic colorectal cancer.

Type Journal
ISBN 1533-0338 (Electronic) 1533-0338 (Linking)
Authors Fuksiewicz, M.; Kotowicz, B.; Rutkowski, A.; Achinger-Kawecka, J.; Wagrodzki, M.; Kowalska, M. M.
Responsible Garvan Author Dr Joanna Achinger-Kawecka
Published Date 2018-04-12
Published Volume 17
Published Pages 1533033818765209
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1177/1533033818765209
URL link to publisher's version