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A selective inhibitor of ceramide synthase 1 reveals a novel role in fat metabolism

Abstract

Specific forms of the lipid ceramide, synthesized by the ceramide synthase enzyme family, are believed to regulate metabolic physiology. Genetic mouse models have established C16 ceramide as a driver of insulin resistance in liver and adipose tissue. C18 ceramide, synthesized by ceramide synthase 1 (CerS1), is abundant in skeletal muscle and suggested to promote insulin resistance in humans. We herein describe the first isoform-specific ceramide synthase inhibitor, P053, which inhibits CerS1 with nanomolar potency. Lipidomic profiling shows that P053 is highly selective for CerS1. Daily P053 administration to mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) increases fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle and impedes increases in muscle triglycerides and adiposity, but does not protect against HFD-induced insulin resistance. Our inhibitor therefore allowed us to define a role for CerS1 as an endogenous inhibitor of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation in muscle and regulator of whole-body adiposity.

Type Journal
ISBN 2041-1723 (Electronic) 2041-1723 (Linking)
Authors Turner, N.; Lim, X. Y.; Toop, H. D.; Osborne, B.; Brandon, A. E.; Taylor, E. N.; Fiveash, C. E.; Govindaraju, H.; Teo, J. D.; McEwen, H. P.; Couttas, T. A.; Butler, S. M.; Das, A.; Kowalski, G. M.; Bruce, C. R.; Hoehn, K. L.; Fath, T.; Schmitz-Peiffer, C.; Cooney, G. J.; Montgomery, M. K.; Morris, J. C.; Don, A. S.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof Carsten Schmitz-Peiffer
Publisher Name Nature Communications
Published Date 2018-08-21
Published Volume 9
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 3165
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1038/s41467-018-05613-7
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30131496