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Skeletal muscle-specific overexpression of heat shock protein 72 improves skeletal muscle insulin-stimulated glucose uptake but does not alter whole body metabolism

Abstract

AIMS: The induction of heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72) via heating, genetic manipulation or pharmacological activation is metabolically protective in the setting of obesity-induced insulin resistance across mammalian species. In this study, we set out to determine whether the overexpression of Hsp72, specifically in skeletal muscle, can protect against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An Adeno-Associated Viral vector (AAV), designed to overexpress Hsp72 in skeletal muscle only, was used to study the effects of increasing Hsp72 levels on various metabolic parameters. Two studies were conducted, the first with direct intramuscular (IM) injection of the AAV:Hsp72 into the tibialis anterior hind-limb muscle and the second with a systemic injection to enable body-wide skeletal muscle transduction. RESULTS: IM injection of the AAV:Hsp72 significantly improved skeletal muscle insulin-stimulated glucose clearance in treated hind-limb muscles, as compared with untreated muscles of the contralateral leg when mice were fed an HFD. Despite this finding, systemic administration of AAV:Hsp72 did not improve body composition parameters such as body weight, fat mass or percentage body fat, nor did it lead to an improvement in fasting glucose levels or glucose tolerance. Furthermore, no differences were observed for other metabolic parameters such as whole-body oxygen consumption, energy expenditure or physical activity levels. CONCLUSIONS: At the levels of Hsp72 over-expression reported herein, skeletal muscle-specific Hsp72 overexpression via IM injection has the capacity to increase insulin-stimulated glucose clearance in this muscle. However, upon systemic injection, which results in lower muscle Hsp72 overexpression, no beneficial effects on whole-body metabolism are observed.

Type Journal
ISBN 1463-1326 (Electronic) 1462-8902 (Linking)
Authors Marshall, J. P. S.; Estevez, E.; Kammoun, H. L.; King, E. J.; Bruce, C. R.; Drew, B. G.; Qian, H.; Illiades, P.; Gregorevic, P.; Febbraio, M. A.; Henstridge, D. C.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Mark Febbraio
Publisher Name DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM
Published Date 2018-04-14
Published Pages 1-9
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1111/dom.13319
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29652108
OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/14601