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CD200 is a useful diagnostic marker for identifying atypical chronic lymphocytic leukemia by flow cytometry

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry is routinely employed in distinguishing between chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Inclusion of CD200 has been reported to contribute to more reliable differentiation between CLL and MCL. We investigated the value of CD200 in assessment of atypical CLL cases. METHODS: CD200 expression on mature B cell neoplasms was studied by eight-color flow cytometry in combination with a conventional panel of flow cytometry markers. The study included 70 control samples, 63 samples with CLL or atypical CLL phenotype, 6 MCL samples, and 40 samples of other mature B cell neoplasms. RESULTS: All CLL samples were positive for CD200, whereas MCL samples were dim or negative for CD200. Of the CLL samples, 7 were atypical by conventional flow cytometry, with Matutes scores </=3. These cases were tested for evidence of a t(11;14) translocation, characteristic of MCL, and all were negative, consistent with their classification as atypical CLL. All these atypical CLL samples were strongly positive for CD200. CONCLUSION: CD200 proved to be a useful marker for differentiation between CLL and MCL by flow cytometry. In particular, CD200 was useful in distinguishing CLL samples with atypical immunophenotypes from MCL.

Type Journal
ISBN 1751-553X (Electronic) 1751-5521 (Linking)
Authors Ting, Y. S.; Smith, Sabc; Brown, D. A.; Dodds, A. J.; Fay, K. C.; Ma, D. D. F.; Milliken, S.; Moore, J. J.; Sewell, W. A.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof William Sewell
Publisher Name International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Published Date 2018-10-01
Published Volume 40
Published Issue 5
Published Pages 533-539
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1111/ijlh.12857
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29806244