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Radiomic features on MRI enable risk categorization of prostate cancer patients on active surveillance: Preliminary findings


BACKGROUND: Radiomic analysis is defined as computationally extracting features from radiographic images for quantitatively characterizing disease patterns. There has been recent interest in examining the use of MRI for identifying prostate cancer (PCa) aggressiveness in patients on active surveillance (AS). PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of MRI-based radiomic features in identifying the presence or absence of clinically significant PCa in AS patients. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. SUBJECTS MODEL: MRI/TRUS (transperineal grid ultrasound) fusion-guided biopsy was performed for 56 PCa patients on AS who had undergone prebiopsy. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T, T2 -weighted (T2 w) and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI. ASSESSMENT: A pathologist histopathologically defined the presence of clinically significant disease. A radiologist manually delineated lesions on T2 w-MRs. Then three radiologists assessed MRIs using PIRADS v2.0 guidelines. Tumors were categorized into four groups: MRI-negative-biopsy-negative (Group 1, N = 15), MRI-positive-biopsy-positive (Group 2, N = 16), MRI-negative-biopsy-positive (Group 3, N = 10), and MRI-positive-biopsy-negative (Group 4, N = 15). In all, 308 radiomic features (First-order statistics, Gabor, Laws Energy, and Haralick) were extracted from within the annotated lesions on T2 w images and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. The top 10 features associated with clinically significant tumors were identified using minimum-redundancy-maximum-relevance and used to construct three machine-learning models that were independently evaluated for their ability to identify the presence and absence of clinically significant disease. STATISTICAL TESTS: Wilcoxon rank-sum tests with P < 0.05 considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Seven T2 w-based (First-order Statistics, Haralick, Laws, and Gabor) and three ADC-based radiomic features (Laws, Gradient and Sobel) exhibited statistically significant differences (P < 0.001) between malignant and normal regions in the training groups. The three constructed models yielded overall accuracy improvement of 33, 60, 80% and 30, 40, 60% for patients in testing groups, when compared to PIRADS v2.0 alone. DATA CONCLUSION: Radiomic features could help in identifying the presence and absence of clinically significant disease in AS patients when PIRADS v2.0 assessment on MRI contradicted pathology findings of MRI-TRUS prostate biopsies. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2018.

Type Journal
ISBN 1522-2586 (Electronic) 1053-1807 (Linking)
Authors Algohary, A.; Viswanath, S.; Shiradkar, R.; Ghose, S.; Pahwa, S.; Moses, D.; Jambor, I.; Shnier, R.; Bohm, M.; Haynes, A. M.; Brenner, P.; Delprado, W.; Thompson, J.; Pulbrock, M.; Purysko, A. S.; Verma, S.; Ponsky, L.; Stricker, P.; Madabhushi, A.
Responsible Garvan Author Anne-Maree Haynes
Published Date 2018-09-01
Published Volume 48
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 818-828
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1002/jmri.25983
URL link to publisher's version