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Does the primary site really matter? Profiling mucinous ovarian cancers of uncertain primary origin (MO-CUP) to personalise treatment and inform the design of clinical trials


OBJECTIVE: Advanced stage mucinous ovarian cancers are diagnostically and therapeutically challenging. Histotype specific trials have failed due to low recruitment after excluding non-ovarian primaries. Mucinous ovarian cancers are commonly metastatic from other sites however lack definitive diagnostic markers. We suggest a classification of mucinous ovarian cancers of uncertain primary origin 'MO-CUPs' in clinical trials. This study aims to identify drug targets to guide treatment and future trials. METHODS: We analyzed a large de-identified, multi-platform tumor profiling dataset of MO-CUPs enriched for advanced stage and recurrent cases submitted to Caris Life Sciences. Available data included a 45-gene next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel, gene amplification of HER2 and cMET and 18 immunohistochemical (IHC) markers of drug sensitivity/resistance. RESULTS: Mucinous tumors from 333 patients were analyzed, including 38 borderline tumors and 295 invasive cancers. The most common mutations in a subset (n=128) of invasive cancers were KRAS (60%), TP53 (38%), PIK3CA (13%) and PTEN (9%). Borderline tumors had higher rates of BRAF mutations, and PGP and TOP2A overexpression than invasive cases. KRAS mutant invasive cancers had lower expression of thymidylate synthase (p=0.01) and higher expression of TUBB3 (p=0.01) than KRAS wildtype tumors. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the largest series profiling mucinous ovarian cancers and almost certainly includes cases of ovarian and non-ovarian origin. Given the difficulty recruiting patients to histotype-specific trials in rare subsets of ovarian cancer, it may be more important to focus on identifying potential treatment targets and to personalise treatment and design clinical trials in MO-CUPS agnostic of primary site to overcome these issues.

Type Journal
ISBN 0090-8258
Authors Meagher, N. S.; Schuster, K.; Voss, A.; Budden, T.; Pang, C. N. I.; deFazio, A.; Ramus, S. J.; Friedlander, M. L.
Published Date 2018-09-01
Published Volume 150
Published Issue 3
Published Pages 527-533
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1016/j.ygyno.2018.07.013