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Prediction of changes in bone mineral density in the elderly: contribution of "osteogenomic profile"

Abstract

The contribution of genetic variants to longitudinal bone loss has not been well documented. We constructed an "osteogenomic profile" based on 62 BMD-associated genetic variants and showed that the profile was significantly associated with bone loss, independently from baseline BMD and age. The osteogenomic profile can help predict bone loss in an individual. INTRODUCTION: The rate of longitudinal bone loss (DeltaBMD) is a risk factor for fracture. The variation in DeltaBMD is partly determined by genetic factors. This study sought to define the association between an osteogenomic profile and DeltaBMD. METHODS: The osteogenomic profile was created from 62 BMD-associated SNPs from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) that were genotyped in 1384 elderly men and women aged 60+ years. Weighted genetic risk scores (GRS) were constructed for each individual by summing the products of the number of risk alleles and the sex-specific regression coefficients [associated with BMD from GWAS]. DeltaBMD, expressed as annual percent change-in-BMD, was determined by linear regression analysis for each individual who had had at least two femoral neck BMD measurements. RESULTS: The mean DeltaBMD was - 0.65% (SD 1.64%) for women and - 0.57% (SD 1.40%) for men, and this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.32). In women, each unit increase in GRS was associated with 0.21% (SE 0.10) higher DeltaBMD at the femoral neck (P = 0.036), and this association was independent of baseline BMD and age. In logistic regression analysis, each unit increase of GRS was associated with 41% odds (95%CI: 1.07-1.87) of rapid bone loss (DeltaBMD </= - 1.2%/year; mean of rapid loss group = - 2.2%/year). There was no statistically significant association between DeltaBMD and GRS in men. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the osteogenomic profile constructed from BMD-associated genetic variants is modestly associated with long-term changes in femoral neck BMD in women, but not in men.

Type Journal
ISBN 1862-3514 (Electronic)
Authors Ho-Le, T. P.; Pham, H. M.; Center, J. R.; Eisman, J. A.; Nguyen, H. T.; Nguyen, T. V.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Tuan Nguyen
Publisher Name Archives of Osteoporosis
Published Date 2018-06-21
Published Volume 13
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 68
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1007/s11657-018-0480-2
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29931598