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A randomised, open-label, parallel group phase 2 study of antisense oligonucleotide therapy in acromegaly


OBJECTIVE: ATL1103 is a second-generation antisense oligomer targeting the human growth hormone (GH) receptor. This phase 2 randomised, open-label, parallel-group study assessed the potential of ATL1103 as a treatment for acromegaly. DESIGN: Twenty-six patients with active acromegaly (IGF-I >130% upper limit of normal) were randomised to subcutaneous ATL1103 200 mg either once or twice weekly for 13 weeks and monitored for a further 8-week washout period. METHODS: The primary efficacy measures were change in IGF-I at week 14, compared to baseline and between cohorts. For secondary endpoints (IGFBP3, acid labile subunit (ALS), GH, growth hormone-binding protein (GHBP)), comparison was between baseline and week 14. Safety was assessed by reported adverse events. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Baseline median IGF-I was 447 and 649 ng/mL in the once- and twice-weekly groups respectively. Compared to baseline, at week 14, twice-weekly ATL1103 resulted in a median fall in IGF-I of 27.8% (P = 0.0002). Between cohort comparison at week 14 demonstrated the median fall in IGF-I to be 25.8% (P = 0.0012) greater with twice-weekly dosing. In the twice-weekly cohort, IGF-I was still declining at week 14, and remained lower at week 21 than at baseline by a median of 18.7% (P = 0.0005). Compared to baseline, by week 14, IGFBP3 and ALS had declined by a median of 8.9% (P = 0.027) and 16.7% (P = 0.017) with twice-weekly ATL1103; GH had increased by a median of 46% at week 14 (P = 0.001). IGFBP3, ALS and GH did not change with weekly ATL1103. GHBP fell by a median of 23.6% and 48.8% in the once- and twice-weekly cohorts (P = 0.027 and P = 0.005) respectively. ATL1103 was well tolerated, although 84.6% of patients experienced mild-to-moderate injection-site reactions. This study provides proof of concept that ATL1103 is able to significantly lower IGF-I in patients with acromegaly.

Type Journal
ISBN 0804-4643
Authors Trainer, P. J.; Newell-Price, J. D. C.; Ayuk, J.; Aylwin, S. J. B.; Rees, A.; Drake, W.; Chanson, P.; Brue, T.; Webb, S. M.; Fajardo, C.; Aller, J.; McCormack, A. I.; Torpy, D. J.; Tachas, G.; Atley, L.; Ryder, D.; Bidlingmaier, M.
Responsible Garvan Author Dr Ann McCormack
Published Date 2018-08-01
Published Volume 179
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 97-108
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1530/eje-18-0138