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Gomesin inhibits melanoma growth by manipulating key signaling cascades that control cell death and proliferation


Consistent with their diverse pharmacology, peptides derived from venomous animals have been developed as drugs to treat disorders as diverse as hypertension, diabetes and chronic pain. Melanoma has a poor prognosis due in part to its metastatic capacity, warranting further development of novel targeted therapies. This prompted us to examine the anti-melanoma activity of the spider peptides gomesin (AgGom) and a gomesin-like homolog (HiGom). AgGom and HiGom dose-dependently reduced the viability and proliferation of melanoma cells whereas it had no deleterious effects on non-transformed neonatal foreskin fibroblasts. Concordantly, gomesin-treated melanoma cells showed a reduced G0/G1 cell population. AgGom and HiGom compromised proliferation of melanoma cells via activation of the p53/p21 cell cycle check-point axis and the Hippo signaling cascade, together with attenuation of the MAP kinase pathway. We show that both gomesin peptides exhibit antitumoral activity in melanoma AVATAR-zebrafish xenograft tumors and that HiGom also reduces tumour progression in a melanoma xenograft mouse model. Taken together, our data highlight the potential of gomesin for development as a novel melanoma-targeted therapy.

Type Journal
ISBN 2045-2322 (Electronic) 2045-2322 (Linking)
Authors Ikonomopoulou, M. P.; Fernandez-Rojo, M. A.; Pineda, S. S.; Cabezas-Sainz, P.; Winnen, B.; Morales, R. A. V.; Brust, A.; Sanchez, L.; Alewood, P. F.; Ramm, G. A.; Miles, J. J.; King, G. F.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof John Mattick
Publisher Name Scientific Reports
Published Date 2018-08-01
Published Volume 8
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 11519
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-29826-4
URL link to publisher's version