Dark Proteins Important for Cellular Function
Despite substantial and successful projects for structural genomics, many proteins remain for which neither experimental structures nor homology-based models are known for any part of the amino acid sequence. These have been called dark proteins, in contrast to non-dark proteins, in which at least part of the sequence has a known or inferred structure. We hypothesized that non-dark proteins may be more abundantly expressed than dark proteins which are known to have much fewer sequence relatives. Surprisingly, we observed the opposite: human dark and non-dark proteins had quite similar levels of expression, in terms of both mRNA and protein abundance. Such high levels of expression strongly indicate that dark proteins - as a group - are important for cellular function. This is remarkable, given how carefully structural biologists have focused on proteins crucial for function, and highlights the important challenge posed by dark proteins in future research. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
|ISBN||1615-9861 (Electronic) 1615-9853 (Linking)|
|Authors||Schafferhans, A.; O'Donoghue, S. I.; Heinzinger, M.; Rost, B.|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|URL link to publisher's version||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30318701|
|OpenAccess link to author's accepted manuscript version||https://publications.gimr.garvan.org.au/open-access/14776|