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Integrated epigenomic analysis stratifies chromatin remodellers into distinct functional groups

Abstract

BACKGROUND: ATP-dependent chromatin remodelling complexes are responsible for establishing and maintaining the positions of nucleosomes. Chromatin remodellers are targeted to chromatin by transcription factors and non-coding RNA to remodel the chromatin into functional states. However, the influence of chromatin remodelling on shaping the functional epigenome is not well understood. Moreover, chromatin remodellers have not been extensively explored as a collective group across two-dimensional and three-dimensional epigenomic layers. RESULTS: Here, we have integrated the genome-wide binding profiles of eight chromatin remodellers together with DNA methylation, nucleosome positioning, histone modification and Hi-C chromosomal contacts to reveal that chromatin remodellers can be stratified into two functional groups. Group 1 (BRG1, SNF2H, CHD3 and CHD4) has a clear preference for binding at 'actively marked' chromatin and Group 2 (BRM, INO80, SNF2L and CHD1) for 'repressively marked' chromatin. We find that histone modifications and chromatin architectural features, but not DNA methylation, stratify the remodellers into these functional groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that chromatin remodelling events are synchronous and that chromatin remodellers themselves should be considered simultaneously and not as individual entities in isolation or necessarily by structural similarity, as they are traditionally classified. Their coordinated function should be considered by preference for chromatin features in order to gain a more accurate and comprehensive picture of chromatin regulation.

Type Journal
ISBN 1756-8935 (Electronic) 1756-8935 (Linking)
Authors Giles, K. A.; Gould, C. M.; Du, Q.; Skvortsova, K.; Song, J. Z.; Maddugoda, M. P.; Achinger-Kawecka, J.; Stirzaker, C.; Clark, S. J.; Taberlay, P. C.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Susan Clark
Publisher Name Epigenetics & Chromatin
Published Date 2019-02-12
Published Volume 12
Published Issue 1
Published Pages 12
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1186/s13072-019-0258-9
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30755246