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Assessment and management of bone health in women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy: position statement summary

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Representatives appointed by relevant Australian medical societies used a systematic approach for adaptation of guidelines (ADAPTE) to formulate clinical consensus recommendations on assessment and management of bone health in women with oestrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer receiving endocrine therapy. The current evidence suggests that women receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitors and pre-menopausal woman treated with tamoxifen have accelerated bone loss and that women receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitors have increased fracture risk. Both bisphosphonates and denosumab prevent bone loss; additionally, denosumab has proven anti-fracture benefit in post-menopausal women receiving aromatase inhibitors for hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. MAIN RECOMMENDATIONS: Women considering endocrine therapy need fracture risk assessment, including clinical risk factors, biochemistry and bone mineral density measurement, with monitoring based on risk factors. Weight-bearing exercise and vitamin D and calcium sufficiency are recommended routinely. Anti-resorptive treatment is indicated in women with prevalent or incident clinical or morphometric fragility fractures, and should be considered in women with a T score (or Z score in women aged < 50 years) of < - 2.0 at any site, or if annual bone loss is >/= 5%, considering baseline bone mineral density and other fracture risk factors. Duration of anti-resorptive treatment can be individualised based on absolute fracture risk. Relative to their skeletal benefits, risks of adverse events with anti-resorptive treatments are low. CHANGES IN MANAGEMENT AS RESULT OF THE POSITION STATEMENT: Skeletal health should be considered in the decision-making process regarding choice and duration of endocrine therapy. Before and during endocrine therapy, skeletal health should be assessed regularly, optimised by non-pharmacological intervention and, where indicated, anti-resorptive treatment, in an individualised, multidisciplinary approach.

Type Journal
ISBN 0025-729x
Authors Grossmann, M.; Ramchand, S. K.; Milat, F.; Vincent, A.; Lim, E.; Kotowicz, M. A.; Hicks, J.; Teede, H. J.
Responsible Garvan Author A/Prof Elgene Lim
Publisher Name MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA
Published Date 2019-09-30
Published Volume 211
Published Issue 5
Published Pages 224-229
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.5694/mja2.50280