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CARD11 is dispensable for homeostatic responses and suppressive activity of peripherally induced FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells


FOXP3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells are essential for immunological tolerance and immune homeostasis. Despite a great deal of interest in modulating their number and function for the treatment of autoimmune disease or cancer, the precise mechanisms that control the homeostasis of Treg cells remain unclear. We report a new ENU-induced mutant mouse, lack of costimulation (loco), with atopic dermatitis and Treg cell deficiency typical of Card11 loss-of-function mutants. Three distinct single nucleotide variants were found in the Card11 introns 2, 10 and 20 that cause the loss of CARD11 expression in these mutant mice. These mutations caused the loss of thymic-derived, Neuropilin-1(+) (NRP1(+) ) Treg cells in neonatal and adult loco mice; however, residual peripherally induced NRP1(-) Treg cells remained. These peripherally generated Treg cells could be expanded in vivo by the administration of IL-2:anti-IL-2 complexes, indicating that this key homeostatic signaling axis remained intact in CARD11-deficient Treg cells. Furthermore, these expanded Treg cells could mediate near-normal suppression of activated, conventional CD4(+) T cells, suggesting that CARD11 is dispensable for Treg cell function. In addition to shedding light on the requirements for CARD11 in Treg cell homeostasis and function, these data reveal novel noncoding Card11 loss-of-function mutations that impair the expression of this critical immune-regulatory protein.

Type Journal
ISBN 1440-1711 (Electronic) 0818-9641 (Linking)
Authors Policheni, A.; Horikawa, K.; Milla, L.; Kofler, J.; Bouillet, P.; Belz, G. T.; O'Reilly, L. A.; Goodnow, C. C.; Strasser, A.; Gray, D. H.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Christopher Goodnow
Published Date 2019-09-30
Published Volume 97
Published Issue 8
Published Pages 740-752
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1111/imcb.12268
URL link to publisher's version