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Human inborn errors of immunity to herpes viruses

Abstract

Infections with any of the nine human herpes viruses (HHV) can be asymptomatic or life-threatening. The study of patients with severe diseases caused by HHVs, in the absence of overt acquired immunodeficiency, has led to the discovery or diagnosis of various inborn errors of immunity. The related inborn errors of adaptive immunity disrupt α/β T-cell rather than B-cell immunity. Affected patients typically develop HHV infections in the context of other infectious diseases. However, this is not always the case, as illustrated by inborn errors of SAP-dependent T-cell immunity to EBV-infected B cells. The related inborn errors of innate immunity disrupt leukocytes other than T and B cells, non-hematopoietic cells, or both. Patients typically develop only a single type of infection due to HHV, although, again, this is not always the case, as illustrated by inborn errors of TLR3 immunity resulting in HSV1 encephalitis in some patients and influenza pneumonitis in others. Most severe HHV infections in otherwise healthy patients remains unexplained. The forward human genetic dissection of isolated and syndromic HHV-driven illnesses will establish the molecular and cellular basis of protective immunity to HHVs, paving the way for novel diagnosis and management strategies.

Type Journal
Authors Emmanuelle Jouanguy, Vivien BA(c)ziat, Trine HMogensen, Jean-LaurentCasanova, Stuart GTangye, Shen-YingZhang
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Stuart Tangye
Publisher Name CURRENT OPINION IN IMMUNOLOGY
Published Date 2020-02-01
Published Volume 62
Published Pages 106-122
Status Published in-print
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coi.2020.01.004
URL link to publisher's version https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0952791520300042?via%3Dihub