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Pharmacodynamics effects of CDK4/6 inhibitor LEE011 (ribociclib) in high-risk, localised prostate cancer: a study protocol for a randomised controlled phase II trial (LEEP study: LEE011 in high-risk, localised Prostate cancer)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Despite the development of new therapies for advanced prostate cancer, it remains the most common cause of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. It is critical to develop novel agents for the treatment of prostate cancer, particularly those that target aspects of androgen receptor (AR) signalling or prostate biology other than inhibition of androgen synthesis or AR binding. Neoadjuvant pharmacodynamic studies allow for a rational approach to the decisions regarding which targeted therapies should progress to phase II/III trials. CDK4/6 inhibitors have evidence of efficacy in breast cancer, and have been shown to have activity in preclinical models of hormone sensitive and castrate resistant prostate cancer. The LEEP trial aims to assess the pharmacodynamic effects of LEE011 (ribociclib), an orally bioavailable and highly selective CDK4/6 inhibitor, in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for high-risk, localised prostate cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The multicentre randomised, controlled 4:1 two-arm, phase II, open label pharmacodynamic study will recruit 47 men with high risk, localised prostate cancer who are planned to undergo radical prostatectomy. Participants who are randomised to receive the study treatment will be treated with LEE011 400 mg daily for 21 days for one cycle. The primary endpoint is the frequency of a 50% reduction in Ki-67 proliferation index from the pretreatment prostate biopsy compared to that present in prostate cancer tissue from radical prostatectomy. Secondary and tertiary endpoints include pharmacodynamic assessment of CDK4/6 cell cycle progression via E2F levels, apoptotic cell death by cleaved caspase-3, changes in serum and tumour levels of Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), pathological regression, safety via incidence of adverse events and exploratory biomarker analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol was approved by a central ethics review committee (St Vincent's Hospital HREC) for all participating sites (HREC/17/SVH/294). Results will be disseminated in peer-reviewed journals and at scientific conferences. DRUG SUPPLY: Novartis. PROTOCOL VERSION: 2.0, 30 May 2019 TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12618000354280).

Type Journal
ISBN 2044-6055 (Electronic) 2044-6055 (Linking)
Authors Scheinberg, T.; Kench, J.; Stockler, M.; Mahon, K. L.; Sebastian, L.; Stricker, P.; Joshua, A. M.; Woo, H.; Thanigasalam, R.; Ahmadi, N.; Centenera, M. M.; Butler, L. M.; Horvath, L. G.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Lisa Horvath
Publisher Name BMJ Open
Published Date 2020-01-26
Published Volume 10
Published Issue 1
Published Pages e033667
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033667
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31988233