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Reference values of body composition parameters for Vietnamese men and women

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Body composition parameters are linked to cardio-metabolic risk. However, high-quality reference values of body composition are scarce, particularly in Asian population. The aim of study was to construct sex- and age-specific normative reference values of body composition for the Vietnamese population. METHODS: This study was designed as a cross-sectional investigation that involved 2700 women and 1459 men aged between 20 and 90 (average 48, SD 15) who were participants in the population-based Vietnam Osteoporosis Study. Whole-body composition parameters (e.g., fat mass and lean mass) and site-specific (head, arms, trunk, and legs) parameters were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic Horizon). Reference curves for each parameter and anatomical site were constructed using the Generalized Additive Model for Location Scale and Shape modeling technique. RESULTS: Overall, 8% of women and 11% of men were classified as obese (body mass index >/= 27.5 kg/m(2)). Most fat mass was deposited at the trunk (~50%), followed by the leg (~33%). Women had ~10% more body fat (relative to body weight) than men. However, whole-body lean mass was higher in men than women, with the average difference being ~13 kg. Moreover, men had more bone mineral content than women (2110 vs. 1600 g). We also provided a comparison of age-related changes in body composition parameters between Vietnamese and US Whites. CONCLUSION: These data provide gender- and age-specific reference values of body composition parameters for Vietnamese population. These normative values provide health professionals and the public with a resource for interpretation of body composition data.

Type Journal
ISBN 1476-5640 (Electronic) 0954-3007 (Linking)
Authors Nguyen, H. G.; Le, N. V.; Nguyen-Duong, K. H.; Ho-Pham, L. T.; Nguyen, T. V. ONLINE AHEAD OF PRINT
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Tuan Nguyen
Publisher Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
Published Date 2021-01-18
Status Always Electronic
DOI 10.1038/s41430-020-00840-y
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33462460