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Beta-Cell-Specific Expression of Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate Oxidase 5 Aggravates High-Fat Diet-Induced Impairment of Islet Insulin Secretion in Mice

Abstract

Aims: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases (NOX-es) produce reactive oxygen species and modulate beta-cell insulin secretion. Islets of type 2 diabetic subjects present elevated expression of NOX5. Here, we sought to characterize regulation of NOX5 expression in human islets in vitro and to uncover the relevance of NOX5 in islet function in vivo using a novel mouse model expressing NOX5 in doxycycline-inducible, beta-cell-specific manner (RIP/rtTA/NOX5 mice). Results: In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry employed on pancreatic sections demonstrated NOX5 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expressions in human islets. In cultures of dispersed islets, NOX5 protein was observed in somatostatin-positive (delta) cells in basal (2.8 mM glucose) conditions. Small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of NOX5 in human islets cultured in basal glucose concentrations resulted in diminished glucose-induced insulin secretion (GIIS) in vitro. However, when islets were preincubated in high (16.7 mM) glucose media for 12 h, NOX5 appeared also in insulin-positive (beta) cells. In vivo, mice with beta-cell NOX5 expression developed aggravated impairment of GIIS compared with control mice when challenged with 14 weeks of high-fat diet. Similarly, in vitro palmitate preincubation resulted in more severe reduction of insulin release in islets of RIP/rtTA/NOX5 mice compared with their control littermates. Decreased insulin secretion was most distinct in response to theophylline stimulation, suggesting impaired cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-mediated signaling due to increased phosphodiesterase activation. Innovation and Conclusions: Our data provide the first insight into the complex regulation and function of NOX5 in islets implying an important role for NOX5 in delta-cell-mediated intraislet crosstalk in physiological circumstances but also identifying it as an aggravating factor in beta-cell failure in diabetic conditions.

Type Journal
ISBN 1557-7716 (Electronic) 1523-0864 (Linking)
Authors Bouzakri, K.; Veyrat-Durebex, C.; Holterman, C.; Arous, C.; Barbieux, C.; Bosco, D.; Altirriba, J.; Alibashe, M.; Tournier, B. B.; Gunton, J. E.; Mouche, S.; Bietiger, W.; Forterre, A.; Berney, T.; Pinget, M.; Christofori, G.; Kennedy, C.; Szanto, I.
Responsible Garvan Author Prof Jenny Gunton
Publisher Name ANTIOXIDANTS & REDOX SIGNALING
Published Date 2020-03-31
Published Volume 32
Published Issue 9
Published Pages 618-635
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1089/ars.2018.7579
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31931619