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Network-based computational approach to identify genetic links between cardiomyopathy and its risk factors

Abstract

Cardiomyopathy (CMP) is a group of myocardial diseases that progressively impair cardiac function. The mechanisms underlying CMP development are poorly understood, but lifestyle factors are clearly implicated as risk factors. This study aimed to identify molecular biomarkers involved in inflammatory CMP development and progression using a systems biology approach. The authors analysed microarray gene expression datasets from CMP and tissues affected by risk factors including smoking, ageing factors, high body fat, clinical depression status, insulin resistance, high dietary red meat intake, chronic alcohol consumption, obesity, high-calorie diet and high-fat diet. The authors identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from each dataset and compared those from CMP and risk factor datasets to identify common DEGs. Gene set enrichment analyses identified metabolic and signalling pathways, including MAPK, RAS signalling and cardiomyopathy pathways. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis identified protein subnetworks and ten hub proteins (CDK2, ATM, CDT1, NCOR2, HIST1H4A, HIST1H4B, HIST1H4C, HIST1H4D, HIST1H4E and HIST1H4L). Five transcription factors (FOXC1, GATA2, FOXL1, YY1, CREB1) and five miRNAs were also identified in CMP. Thus the authors' approach reveals candidate biomarkers that may enhance understanding of mechanisms underlying CMP and their link to risk factors. Such biomarkers may also be useful to develop new therapeutics for CMP.

Type Journal
ISBN 1751-8849 (Print) 1751-8849 (Linking)
Authors Haidar, M. N.; Islam, M. B.; Chowdhury, U. N.; Rahman, M. R.; Huq, F.; Quinn, J. M. W.; Moni, M. A.
Responsible Garvan Author Dr Mohammad Ali Moni
Publisher Name IET Systems Biology
Published Date 2020-04-30
Published Volume 14
Published Issue 2
Published Pages 75-84
Status Published in-print
DOI 10.1049/iet-syb.2019.0074
URL link to publisher's version https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32196466