CD8(+) T cell landscape in Indigenous and non-Indigenous people restricted by influenza mortality-associated HLA-A*24:02 allomorph
Indigenous people worldwide are at high risk of developing severe influenza disease. HLA-A*24:02 allele, highly prevalent in Indigenous populations, is associated with influenza-induced mortality, although the basis for this association is unclear. Here, we define CD8+ T-cell immune landscapes against influenza A (IAV) and B (IBV) viruses in HLA-A*24:02-expressing Indigenous and non-Indigenous individuals, human tissues, influenza-infected patients and HLA-A*24:02-transgenic mice. We identify immunodominant protective CD8+ T-cell epitopes, one towards IAV and six towards IBV, with A24/PB2550-558-specific CD8+ T cells being cross-reactive between IAV and IBV. Memory CD8+ T cells towards these specificities are present in blood (CD27+CD45RA- phenotype) and tissues (CD103+CD69+ phenotype) of healthy individuals, and effector CD27-CD45RA-PD-1+CD38+CD8+ T cells in IAV/IBV patients. Our data show influenza-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in Indigenous Australians, and advocate for T-cell-mediated vaccines that target and boost the breadth of IAV/IBV-specific CD8+ T cells to protect high-risk HLA-A*24:02-expressing Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations from severe influenza disease.
|Authors||Hensen, L.; Illing, P. T.; Bridie Clemens, E.; Nguyen, T. H. O.; Koutsakos, M.; van de Sandt, C. E.; Mifsud, N. A. Nguyen, A. T.; Szeto, C.; Chua, B. Y.; Halim, H.; Rizzetto, S.; Luciani, F.; Loh, L.; Grant, E. J.; Saunders, P. M.; Brooks, A. G.; Rockman, S.; Kotsimbos, T. C.; Cheng, A. C.; Richards, M.; Westall, G. P.; Wakim, L. M.; Loudovaris, T.; Mannering, S. I.; Elliott, M.; Tangye, S. G.; Jackson, D. C.; Flanagan, K. L.; Rossjohn, J.; Gras, S.; Davies, J.; Miller, A.; Tong, S. Y. C.; Purcell, A. W.; Kedzierska, K.|
|Responsible Garvan Author|
|Publisher Name||Nature Communications|